It is very important, when dealing with hate crime, to give emphasis to who the victims are and what is the impact of the hate crimes on them.
Victims of hate crimes are not only minority groups:
Who is a victim of a crime? According to the Victims’ Rights Directive of the European Union: “A natural person who has suffered harm, including physical, mental or emotional harm or economic loss which was directly caused by a criminal offence.” In the hate crimes’ victim definition, the harm is caused by hate.
Who is a hate crime victim? According to OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), (2022):
Hate crime victims can be individuals that belong either to minority or majority communities. It is important to mention that the whole community that shares the characteristic which is perceived with prejudice is targeted by the offender! The actual individual victim is most of the times picked as a representative of this group, randomly.
Some key facts about hate-crime victims according to the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), (2021) are that:
Here are some of the common ways the hate crime impacts the victim according to the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), (2021):
Apart from those in the previous section, please mention three other needs that you believe hate crime victims have.